Łupież – co to jest i jakie są objawy?

Jest to dość częsta  infekcja przeważnie skóry głowy, której symptomami są: łuszczenie naskórka, lekkie swędzenie. Komórki rogowe i łój tworzą razem dostrzegalny łupież. Objawy nie są trudne do zaobserwowania, są to białe, tłuste kawałki martwej skóry we włosach i na ramionach. Głównie rozróżnia się:

-łupież tłusty, który polega na swędzeniu i przyleganiu do skóry żółtych grudek łupieżu

-łupież suchy najczęściej występujące schorzenie objawiające się białymi – suchymi płatami łupieżu na skórze

-łupież pstry powierzchowne zakażenie naskórka, objawiające się żółtobrunatnymi plamami zlokalizowanymi głównie na klatce piersiowej wywołany przez drożdżaki pityrosporum ovale


Przyczyny powstawania łupieżu:

  • grzyb Malassezia furfu
  • sucha skóra
  • łojotokowe zapalenie skóry
  • brak higieny
  • nieodpowiednie kosmetyki
  • zła dieta
  • efekt zaburzeń równowagi hormonalnej

Formy walki z łupieżem:

  • środki przeciwgrzybiczne należą do leczenia przyczynowego poprzez wpływanie na błonę komórkową grzybów, najczęściej stosowany jest ketokonazol
  • keratolityki usuwają łupież, zmniejszają łuszczenie
  • leki p/łojotokowe regulują produkcję łoju, należą do nich głównie preparaty z siarczkiem selenu
  • dobranie odpowiednich dla siebie szamponów i odżywek
  • odpowiednia dieta z zawartością cynku i witamin z grupy B

Przykładowe preparaty p/łupieżowe dostępne w aptece bez recepty:

  • ketokonazol (Nizoral, Nizax, Zoxin)
  • siarczek selenu (Selsun Blue włosy tłuste, Selsun Blue włosy normalne, Vichy Dercos szampon p/łupieżowy, Nizax control)
  • inne (Radical szampon p/łupieżowy, Healing Herbal szampon, Healing szampon, Dermena plus szampon, Salicylol oliwka, SolcoKerasal maść, Seboradin szampon p/łupieżowy)
  • wspomagająco szampony na bazie ziół z pokrzywy, czarnej rzodkwi, białej wierzby

Źródło: Apteka internetowa

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